The Bar Council of India (BCI) has chosen to abolish the one-year LL.M course which was presented in India in the year 2013. The new BCI Legal Education (Post Graduate, Doctoral, Executive, Vocational, Clinical, and other Continuing Education) Rules, 2020 mentioned that the post-graduate course in law leading to a Master’s degree, i.e., LL.M has to be of two years spread and over four semesters.
The rules state that “A Master Degree Program in Law of one-year duration introduced in India in 2013(as per notification) by the University Grants Commission shall remain operative and valid until the Academic Session in which these Regulations are notified and implemented but not thereafter at any University throughout the country.”
The new rule states that “Bar Council of India (either directly or through its Trust) may annually conduct a Post Graduate Common Entrance Test in Law (PGCETL) for admission in Master Degree course in Law in all Universities and until the PGCETL is introduced the present system followed by respective Universities shall be followed. Once the BCI introduces PGCETL it shall be mandatory to admit the students from the merit list of the Test”.
For an LL.M degree acquired from a foreign college, the equivalent can’t avoid being comparable to LL.M acquired in India just in the event that it is taken subsequently to get the LL.B. degree from any Indian University or Foreign University which is equal to the perceived LL.B. degree in India. Therefore, the one-year LL.M degree acquired from any foreign university will not be equivalent to the LL.M degree acquired in India.
According to the rules set out, the introduction and running of an LL.M. Programs can’t be sourced out to any affiliated institutions. Rather, it is the direct responsibility of a University to run the program.