The draft for the New Education Policy was outlined back in 2019 with the view of implementing it with full strength. There are major changes which the 9 member K. Kasturirangan Committee of Union Ministry has proposed is a 484 page draft. Once the proposals are accepted by MHRD, the entire pedagogical system of India is set to change. Here’s how a student’s curriculum would be like in 2035:
Early Childhood Care and Education:
This will be the fundamental focus of the new Pedagogy becoming an integral part of school education. The three years of pre school (ages 3-6) will be clubbed together with Grade 1 and 2 (till the age of 8). The Right to Education Act 2009 will cover the age group of 3-18. The playschool activity will be then considered as a part of the formal education of the children.
What is the 5+3+3+4 Curriculum which the draft proposes? It is a curriculum and pedagogical structure based on the cognitive and socio-emotional developmental stages of children will replace the current 10+2 model. The first five years will be the foundational stage (ages 3-8), followed by the preparatory stage from (ages 8-11). This will lead to the middle stage from grades 6-8 (ages 11-14), ending with the secondary stage from grades 9-12 (ages 14-18). The focus will be on multilingual and interdisciplinary education.
To Reduce Content Load and Focus on Rote Learning:
The focus will shift from textbook learning to hands-on, experimental and analytical learning. While there will be essential common subjects for all, no hard separation will be made between curricular and co/extracurricular areas.
Three Language Formula:
The draft recommends continuing with the three language systems but with a change. The draft has proposed flexibility in the choice of languages, as long as students can show proficiency in any three. Hindi and English will be no longer be the stipulated languages from grade 6 onwards.
Board Examinations between Grades 9 and 11:
There will be frequent board examinations which will test the core capacities, basic learning skills and analysis. Students will be allowed to take board examinations up to twice a year or maybe more than that.
Government Schools will be Reorganised:
The government schools will undergo a makeover into units called school complexes, which will consist of one Secondary School (grades 9-12) and all other nearby schools that offer education from pre-primary till grade 8. All schools in the complex will share the same faculty or teachers. This will make the learning process more comprehensive.
Apart from the obvious changes in curriculum and pedagogy, teachers will be provided with special training to manipulate the resources to the fullest. Also, the higher education system will see major changes if the draft is approved. It is proposed that students will no longer have to do master’s to get admitted for a PhD Aspirants can straight away start their research after their graduation.
If the draft is approved, the Indian education system will be at par with the best educational institutions of the world.